Illusive Design Pattern


The Fox News outlet is an example of a source biased towards conservatives.


Polarization though the use of filter bubbles and categorization for status.


  • Grouping users by verified and non-verified causing suspicion.
  • News products presenting biased news without disclaimers of affiliations.

Post-AI Altruheuristics

  • Fundamental Attribution Error
  • Confirmation Bias
  • Perception Bias
  • Conformity Bias
  • Illusory Truth Effect
  • Status Play: Avoid manipulating emotions by creating urgency through envy, conformity, elitism and money.
  • Comparison: Avoid comparison between the user and elites, especially with female users.
  • Exclusion: Avoid alienating users through FOMO and polarization.
  • Values & Boundaries: Guard the user's self esteem and identity.
CBT Distortions
  • Polarization: Seeing things in extreme, absolute terms without considering the middle ground.
  • Overgeneralization: Drawing broad conclusions based on a single event or a few isolated incidents.
  • Jumping to Conclusions: Making assumptions about situations or people without sufficient evidence.
  • Emotional Reasoning: Believing that your emotions reflect reality.
  • Labeling: Avoiding negative labeling based on specific behaviors or making sweeping character judgments from isolated incidents is essential.
  • Always Being Right: Insisting on being right in every situation and refusing to consider alternative viewpoints.
  • Fallacy of Fairness: The belief that life should always be fair, just, or equitable, and that any instance of perceived unfairness is intolerable.
Circ's Principles
  • Disclaimer: Display risks of biases and distortions for illusive interactions that are unavoidable.
Mental Health
  • Chronic Stress: Avoid repetitive stimulation using outrage.
  • Chronic Anxiety: Avoid the state of uncertainty and provide reassurance.

Pre-AI Heuristics

Dark Patterns




Graphic Design


Don Norman Principles


Jakob Nielson Principles